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What is Inflation?

Intro Guide: What Causes Inflation?


Sa ekonomiya, ang inflation ay isang sukatan ng tumataas na presyo ng kalakal at mga serbisyo sa isang ekonomiya, na madalas humantong sa pagbaba ng purchasing power ng local currency ng ekonomiya nito.

Simple lang, ibig sabihin ng inflation ay ang parehong unit ng currency na ginamit upang makabili ng isang basket ng item, ngayon ay makakabili lamang ng kaunting item sa paglipas ng panahon dahil sa pagtaas ng presyo.

Suriin ang aming talaan sa ibaba kung paano nagbago ang mga presyo para sa ilang mga item sa pagitan ng 1960 at 2021 sa United States:


Handa na bang Labanan ang Inflation?

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Prices for certain items between 1960 and 2021 in the United States

Isang sikat na sukatan ng inflation ay ang Consumer Price Index (CPI), na kinakalkula ng Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) at sinusuri ang weighted average ng iba't-ibang price basket of goods at services gamit ng specific groups ng household para sa pang-araw-araw na pamumuhay. Kasama sa mga basket na ito ang pagkain, tirahan, transportasyon, mga serbisyo o gamot ng mga doktor at dentista at ang naiibang kategorya para sa mga taong naninirahan sa rural o urban settings.

Ito ay nagkakahalaga ng pansin na ang CPI ay maaaaring isang kontrobersyal na index, bilang eksaktong pamamaraan at data na ginamit upang kalkulahin ang CPI na hndi available sa publiko. Karagdagan pa dito, marami ang naniniwala na ang pamamaraang ito ay hindi tumpak na sumusukat ng inflation sa buong bansa at ekonomiya, tulad ng ehemplo ng patuloy na pagtaas ng gastos ng pabahay, pangangalaga ng kalusugan at edukasyon. Dagdag pa dito, ang paraan nnng pagkalkula ng CPI ay sumailalim ng mahigit 20 pagbabago sa nakaraang ilang dekada, pagdaragdag sa salaysay na ito ay hindi tumpak na panukala ng inflation.

what is inflation what causes inflation

Mga Sanhi ng Inflation:


Demand-Pull Effect

Demand-pull inflation occurs when consumer demand for goods outpaces the supply available, pushing the prices of said supply up. 

This effect tends to occur when there is an increase in the supply of money and credit available to consumers, often resulting from employment increase in an economy or a government spending money more freely. 

Cost-Push Effect

The cost-push effect is when the price of goods increase as a result of production costs, which includes raw materials and employee wages. 

For the prices to increase, demand for the product must remain steady as the production cost for said product keeps increasing. 

Built-in Inflation (or Wage Push Inflation)

Build-in inflation occurs with the idea that people expect inflation rates to continue, particularly with the Federal Reserve’s target of keeping a 2% inflation rate per year. 

With this expectation in mind, there is an increase in wages across industries, which increases consumption rates, further pushing prices of goods and services up. 

Paano Nakakatulong ang Bitcoin?


While inflation is generally considered to be a positive attribute of a healthy economy, it is often unwise for people to hold their savings in cash due to cash losing purchasing power over time.

This has a lot of market participants turning their hard earned cash into stores of value like bitcoin, perceived as such thanks to its scarcity, transferability and durability.

You can learn more about Bitcoin as a hedge against inflation here


Mga Makabuluhang Inflation Resource

If you would like to learn more about what makes Bitcoin a good store of value, head over to our “What is Bitcoin?” and our “Store of Value” pages located in our Learn Center for a deeper dive. 


If you are interested in learning more about other cryptocurrencies, you can also visit Kraken’s crypto guides page and check our cryptocurrency prices.

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