What is SushiSwap? (SUSHI)
The Beginner’s Guide
SushiSwap is a blockchain protocol running on Ethereum that seeks to incentivize a network of users to operate a platform where users can buy and sell crypto assets.
Similar to platforms like Uniswap and Balancer, SushiSwap uses a collection of liquidity pools to achieve this goal. Users first lock up assets into smart contracts, and traders then buy and sell cryptocurrencies from those pools, swapping out one token for another.
One of a growing number of decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms, SushiSwap allows users to trade cryptocurrencies without the need for a central operator administrator.
This means that decisions relating to the SushiSwap decentralized exchange are made by holders of its native cryptocurrency, SUSHI. Anyone holding a balance of the asset can propose changes to how it operates, and can vote on submitted proposals by other users.
Who created SushiSwap?
Note: Sushiswap is undergoing a soft rebranding in naming to simply ‘Sushi.’
SushiSwap was created in 2020 by a pseudonymous individual or group called Chef Nomi, along with co-founders sushiswap and 0xMaki.
The founding team copied the open-source code used by Uniswap to create the foundation for SushiSwap.
SushiSwap then attracted users by promising SUSHI token rewards if they locked up funds in a special pool on Uniswap. Once the code for Sushiswap was ready, the funds in that pool were transferred to SushiSwap.
Before the funds were moved to SushiSwap, however, Chef Nomi shocked users by removing some $13 million in funds from the pool.
Amid fears that Chef Nomi had absconded with these funds, the pseudonymous founder gave control of SushiSwap to Sam Bankman-Fried, the head of a cryptocurrencies derivative trading firm called Almeda Research.
Several days later, Chef Nomi returned the liquidated funds to the pool and apologized to users. The locked funds were then moved as planned, with Bankman-Fried overseeing the process.
How does SushiSwap work?
SushiSwap’s core function is to mirror a traditional exchange by facilitating the buying and selling of different crypto assets between users.
Rather than being supported by one central entity, tokens traded on SushiSwap are maintained by smart contracts, and users lock crypto on the protocol that can then be accessed by traders.
Of note, those who trade against locked assets pay a fee that is then distributed to all liquidity providers proportionally, based on their contribution to the pool.
Liquidity providers contribute to SushiSwap pools by connecting their Ethereum wallet to the SushiSwap farming protocol and locking two assets into a smart contract. For example, SushiSwap’s USDT/ETH liquidity pool consists of equal values of USDT and ETH deposits.
Buyers can then swap tokens within the pool based on the protocol’s rules. Smart contracts running SushiSwap take the amount of tokens from the buyer and send an equivalent amount of tokens back, keeping the total pool price constant.
In exchange for maintaining liquidity in these pools, providers are then rewarded with protocol fees, along with a portion of the 100 newly minted SUSHI daily.
Providers can reclaim their funds whenever they wish, along with their “harvest”, which is the cryptocurrency earned from farming.
Users wishing to earn more cryptocurrency after harvesting their SUSHI can make use of the SushiBar, an application that allows them to stake their SUSHI to earn the xSUSHI token, which is composed of SUSHI tokens bought on the open market with a portion of all the fees generated on the exchange.
Why does SUSHI have value?
SushiSwap’s cryptocurrency, SUSHI, plays a key role in maintaining and operating its network.
Users who hold SUSHI can help govern the protocol by voting on proposals that might improve its ecosystem, and anyone can submit a proposal for SushiSwap users to vote on.
It’s important to note that proposals and votes on SushiSwap currently are non-binding, meaning that elected individuals must manually sign-off on the proposals that pass before they are implemented on the protocol.
Eventually, SushiSwap users plan to move governance into a decentralized autonomous organization, or a DAO, where voting will be binding and decisions will be automatically executed by the protocol.
Lastly, users who hold SUSHI can earn a portion of the fees generated on the network by staking them in the xSUSHI pool.
Kraken's Crypto Guides
- What is Bitcoin? (BTC)
- What is Ethereum? (ETH)
- What is Ripple? (XRP)
- What is Bitcoin Cash? (BCH)
- What is Litecoin? (LTC)
- What is Chainlink? (LINK)
- What is EOSIO? (EOS)
- What is Stellar? (XLM)
- What is Cardano? (ADA)
- What is Monero? (XMR)
- What is Tron? (TRX)
- What is Dash? (DASH)
- What is Ethereum Classic? (ETC)
- What is Zcash? (ZEC)
- What is Basic Attention Token? (BAT)
- What is Algorand? (ALGO)
- What is Icon? (ICX)
- What is Waves? (WAVES)
- What is OmiseGo? (OMG)
- What is Gnosis? (GNO)
- What is Melon? (MLN)
- What is Nano? (NANO)
- What is Dogecoin? (DOGE)
- What is Tether? (USDT)
- What is Dai? (DAI)
- What is Siacoin? (SC)
- What is Lisk? (LSK)
- What is Tezos? (XTZ)
- What is Cosmos? (ATOM)
- What is Augur? (REP)
Why Should I Use SUSHI?
Traders may find SushiSwap appealing based on its ability to provide access to newer and less liquid cryptocurrencies not available on more traditional exchanges.
Investors may wish to add SUSHI to their portfolio should they believe decentralized exchanges will continue to attract users who want to benefit from a trading environment without needing to entrust funds to a third-party.
Lastly, SUSHI may also be of interest to investors who seek to access a wide range of projects built on the Ethereum blockchain.
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