¿Qué es Ethereum Classic? (ETC)
The Beginner’s Guide
Esto, es debido a que antes del lanzamiento de Ethereum Classic en 2016, los desarrolladores normalmente emitían nuevas criptomonedas copiando y modificando un sofware de criptomoneda ya existente (usualmente Bitcoin) o escribiendo un nuevo código desde cero. Ethereum Classic no utilizó ninguno de estos métodos.
Por el contrario, Ethereum Classic fue creado cuando un grupo de usuarios de Ethereum (ETH) blockchain optaron por no actualizar con el nuevo código recomendado por los desarrolladores del proyecto.
El problema en cuestión, era que el código editara el histórico de transacciones de Ethereum, devolviendo ether a individuos que perdieron fondos cuando una aplicación popular (The DAO) resultó comprometida.
La mayoría de los usuarios de Ethereum actualizarían su sofware (un desarrollo que ayudó a que esta nueva blockchain conservara el nombre Ethereum).
Sin embargo, una minoría de usuarios continuó usando el antiguo software de Ethereum con el registro del robo. Al seguir reproduciendo este código, los usuarios crearon una nueva criptomoneda.
Esta versión del sofware de Ethereum ahora se conoce como Ethereum Classic.
¿Quién creó Ethereum Classic?
It’s hard to say exactly who created Ethereum Classic (ETC).
The developer most associated with the decision to continue maintaining the original Ethereum is the anonymous Arvicco who credited a larger group of users with the idea.
However, since much of the Ethereum Classic code is the product of the original Ethereum development team, that project’s founder, Russian-Canadian Vitalik Buterin, and his colleagues, can be said to be responsible for many of Ethereum Classic’s technical innovations.
With Ethereum, Buterin’s goal was to expand the possible use cases for cryptocurrencies to applications beyond money.
Ethereum allows developers to create new cryptocurrencies and decentralized applications running on top of its blockchain. Ethereum Classic seeks to continue this vision. However, its developers have since elected to pursue it by making different technical decisions.
¿Por qué Ethereum Classic bifurcó?
The simplest answer is that the Ethereum Classic fork occurred over an ideological dispute among Ethereum users.
One of the core features of blockchains is their “immutability,” or the inability of any user to alter transactions that have been added to the blockchain’s history.
Ethereum Classic users saw the code proposed by Ethereum’s developers in the wake of The DAO as violating an essential guarantee of the software. Project developers tended to view the code as a one-time fix for a beta software.
What was the DAO?
The DAO was a decentralized application meant to serve as a funding vehicle for emerging projects on Ethereum.
Unlike traditional funding vehicles, The DAO was composed solely of code. It had no leaders, replacing corporate controls with open voting. Those that invested ether in The DAO could vote on which projects to support and contribute ETH to be distributed to those projects.
When an interested person wanted to invest in The DAO, they were able to exchange ETH for The DAO’s cryptocurrency (DAO). They could also recall their funding at any time, a feature unique to decentralized funding applications over their established industry counterparts.
The DAO attack
In June 2016, The DAO publicly recognized a security flaw that could threaten the roughly $150 million in ether it had so far collected. Despite reassurances that funds were safe, they were eventually drained from its accounts.
The individual or group that confiscated the funds is unknown, and their motives are still a subject of debate among Ethereum and Ethereum Classic users.
This is because the attacker exploited a bug in the code that would allow them to continuously recall their DAO tokens, allowing them to retrieve infinitely more than they originally invested. However, due to the specifics of the code, the developers had essentially enabled any user the ability to perform such an action.
This eventually resulted in the removal of roughly one-third of The DAO’s collected funds and a heated community debate about how (or if) Ethereum’s developers should respond.
¿Cómo se bifurcó Ethereum Classic?
Frente a una decisión difícil, los desarrolladores de Ethereum buscaron preguntar a los usuarios cómo debería proceder el proyecto a la luz del ataque a la DAO.
Esto significó que los desarrolladores de Ethereum eventualmente codificarían un software alternativo con un parche diseñado para revertir la pérdida de fondos. Al publicar el código, los desarrolladores de Ethereum creyeron que efectivamente le estaban pidiendo al público que tomara una decisión, ya que los usuarios podían rechazar el parche.
Dado que el código impactaba directamente en el historial de transacciones de Ethereum, cualquier persona que decidiera continuar ejecutando el software antiguo se quedaría realizando transacciones en una cadena de bloques separada.
Durante unos días, parecía que se evitaría tal división. Entonces, un nuevo grupo de desarrolladores comenzó a mantener el antiguo código de Ethereum, un desarrollo que alentó a los mineros a dedicar potencia de cómputo para proteger la blockchain y recolectar la nueva criptomoneda creada.
¿Cuál es la diferencia entre Ethereum y Ethereum Classic?
Ethereum and Ethereum Classic were initially based on the same code, but Ethereum Classic has since differentiated its technology.
Perhaps the biggest difference is the Ethereum Classic community has vowed to continue using proof-of-work mining (the system pioneered by Bitcoin) to secure its blockchain.
As of 2020, Ethereum uses proof-of-work as well, but its developers are pursuing a roadmap that will eventually find the software switching to a different model.
Also of note is that Ethereum Classic has adopted a fixed monetary policy. The total amount of ETC that can be created is capped at 230 million ETC, meaning scarcity factors into its value.
¿Por qué usar Ethereum Classic?
With its fixed monetary policy, Ethereum Classic supporters believe their cryptocurrency, classic ether can serve as a store of value (like bitcoin). This may prove of interest to investors, who can count on ETC tokens becoming more rare over time.
The network itself can, like Ethereum, be used to develop and run decentralized applications. At this time, there’s just a small number of available dapps, but that number could grow.
Given that Ethereum Classic is so compatible with Ethereum, there are also prominent voices in the community that envision a kind of symbiotic collaboration between the two blockchains.
Kraken's Crypto Guides
- What is Bitcoin? (BTC)
- What is Ethereum? (ETH)
- What is Ripple? (XRP)
- What is Bitcoin Cash? (BCH)
- What is Litecoin? (LTC)
- What is Chainlink? (LINK)
- What is EOSIO? (EOS)
- What is Stellar? (XLM)
- What is Cardano? (ADA)
- What is Monero? (XMR)
- What is Tron? (TRX)
- What is Dash? (DASH)
- What is Ethereum Classic? (ETC)
- What is Zcash? (ZEC)
- What is Basic Attention Token? (BAT)
- What is Algorand? (ALGO)
- What is Icon? (ICX)
- What is Waves? (WAVES)
- What is OmiseGo? (OMG)
- What is Gnosis? (GNO)
- What is Melon? (MLN)
- What is Nano? (NANO)
- What is Dogecoin? (DOGE)
- What is Tether? (USDT)
- What is Dai? (DAI)
- What is Siacoin? (SC)
- What is Lisk? (LSK)
- What is Tezos? (XTZ)
- What is Cosmos? (ATOM)
- What is Augur? (REP)
¡Ahora está listo para dar el siguiente paso y comprar ETC!