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¿Qué es Arweave? (AR)

The Beginner’s Guide


Arweave is a software that seeks to store files permanently across a distributed network of computers. Its goal is to build something not unlike the fabled Library of Alexandria: a digital archive that persists in perpetuity. 

As such, Arweave has much in common with other decentralized storage platforms like Filecoin and Sia, both of which also use cryptocurrencies to create marketplaces for users who want to buy and sell data storage services.

Like these ambitious protocols, Aarweave, too, is seeking to disrupt a market dominated by existing storage giants like Google, Amazon and Microsoft. 

However, what sets Arweave apart from competitors is its commitment to permanently storing data through unique incentives built around its AR cryptocurrency. 

Arweave’s design means that it should, in theory, enable people who store data to receive revenues, even after initial payments for its decentralized storage service are made.

Further, files stored on Arweave are accessible through traditional web browsers, meaning they don’t require any special wallet or blockchain service. Other notable features in development include a voting mechanism that allow its users to moderate illicit content. 

As of 2020, Arweave has already begun storing data from the Internet Archive in a partnership that it hopes will help keep that storied institution’s data resistant from tampering. 

To follow all the latest updates from Arweave, bookmark its Medium page here.

What is arweave ar


Who created Arweave?

Arweave was originally named Archain in 2017, but it rebranded in 2018 when the Arweave team was accepted to participate in the startup accelerator Techstars. 

Arweave then raised $5 million in 2019 from noted venture capital firms including Andreessen Horowitz and Union Square Ventures.

In March 2020, Arweave announced an additional $8.3 million in funding to be spent on growing the community of users and developers building on Arweave. 

How does Arweave work?


Arweave is not exactly a blockchain. Instead of a chain of blocks that contains transactions and data, the typical design for most cryptocurrencies, Arweave stores its data in a graph of blocks. 

This means each block is linked to two earlier blocks in Arweave, forming a structure called a “blockweave.” This is in contrast to Bitcoin, where blocks are linked in order, forming a chain. 

(Other cryptocurrencies that use a graph structure include Hedera Hashgraph.)

Proof of Access Consensus

Areweave’s design also means that the way it checks the accuracy of transactions is different than most cryptocurrencies. 

Where Bitcoin asks computers on its network to compete to solve a mathematical puzzle — a process called proof-of-work — Arweave uses a different mechanism called “proof-of-access.” 

In short, Arweave requires each computer taking part in the network to check that a new bundle of transactions also contains a randomly selected marker from an earlier bundle. 

If that marker is present, then the new transactions can be added to the network. The computer that adds a new bundle is given a reward in the form of AR cryptocurrency.  

Proof-of-access helps ensure that computers on the Arweave network can verify that all new transactions are accurate and that old transactions haven’t been tampered with. 

Content Moderation

Another feature of the Arweave network is the ability for anyone running the software to choose the type of data they wish to store. This process is known as content moderation in Arweave. 

Put simply, computers on the network can decide what types of content they want to host. 

Perhaps they want to only host audio files and not images. As new content is uploaded to the network, Arweave will ask each computer whether it will accept the data.

Still, there are incentives for performing more intensive data storage, as users who do will be rewarded by a greater percentage of transaction fees.
 


Why does AR have value?

AR es la moneda de la red Arweave. 

Los usuarios que deseen almacenar datos deben comprar AR para pagar el almacenamiento de datos distribuido, y las computadoras en la red que brindan servicios de almacenamiento deben aceptar el pago en tokens AR.

Es de destacar para los inversores que la cantidad de tokens AR en circulación está limitada a 66 millones de unidades. El primer tramo de la criptomoneda AR se creó en junio de 2018 cuando se lanzó Arweave. En ese momento, se crearon 55 millones de tokens AR.

Está programado el lanzamiento gradual de 11 millones de tokens AR adicionales a las computadoras que realizan servicios de almacenamiento en la red.

Economía de fichas

En particular, los pagos en la red se calculan asumiendo que los costos de almacenamiento seguirán cayendo con el tiempo. Como resultado, pagar por el almacenamiento en la red de Arweave es como pagar una tarifa única por adelantado por el almacenamiento de datos permanente.

Al igual que otros esquemas de almacenamiento de datos de blockchain, los pagos AR van a las computadoras en la red Arweave que brindan servicios de almacenamiento. Sin embargo, los pagos no se pagan directamente a cada usuario. En su lugar, se agrupan y distribuyen gradualmente a los equipos a lo largo del tiempo.

Este conjunto de tarifas se conoce como dotación de almacenamiento. Al igual que otros tipos de dotaciones, su objetivo es generar rendimientos a partir del conjunto de capital invertido con ella.

El conjunto de tarifas que pagan los usuarios por el almacenamiento gana valor con el tiempo, como dinero en efectivo en una cuenta bancaria que acumula intereses. Debido a que este grupo gana valor, puede realizar pagos regulares a las computadoras que realizan el almacenamiento durante varios años.
 


Why use AR?

You may find Arweave of interest if you believe the web is overly reliant on centralized services like Amazon, Google, Microsoft or Alibaba for storage. 

Further, you may want to use Arweave if you believe in its particular vision for this future. 

As opposed to competitors such as Filecoin and Sia, Arweave is focused on permanent storage. This means the AR token may be of interest if you believe digital data requires storage forever, similar to a traditional museum or library.  

Computer operators, as well, may find it an attractive way to sell storage space and earn money by contributing to a better, more permanent web. 
 

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