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Ano ang Cosmos? (ATOM)

Ang Beginner's Guide


Heralded as an “Internet of blockchains” by its founding team, Cosmos aims to create a network of crypto networks united by open-source tools for streamlining transactions between them. 

It’s this focus on customizability and interoperability that sets Cosmos apart from other projects. 

Rather than prioritizing its own network, its goal is to foster an ecosystem of networks that can share data and tokens programmatically, with no central party facilitating the activity. 

Each new independent blockchain created within Cosmos (called a “zone”) is then tethered to the Cosmos Hub, which maintains a record of the state of each zone and vice versa. 

The Cosmos Hub, a proof-of-stake blockchain, is powered by its native ATOM cryptocurrency. 

Users seeking to stay connected on the current development status of Cosmos can follow its roadmap through the website. 

For more regular updates from the Cosmos team, you can bookmark the Cosmos blog, which includes tips and tutorials on the network and its evolving technology.  

What is cosmos atom


Sino gumawa ng Cosmos?

The Interchain Foundation (ICF), isang Swiss non-profit na nagpopondo ng mga open-source na proyekto ng blockchain, ay ang organisasyong tumulong sa pagbuo at paglunsad ng Cosmos. 

Ang mga developer na sina Jae Kwon at Ethan Buchman ay nagtatag ng Cosmos network noong 2014, noong panahong nilikha ang Tendermint, ang consensus na algorithm na magpapatuloy sa pag-power ng Cosmos. 

Sina Kwon and Buchman sa kalaunan ay nag-akda ng Cosmos white paper, at inilabas ang software nito noong 2019.  

Ang Interchain Foundation ay nagdaos ng dalawang linggong initial coin offering (ICO) ng ATOM token noong 2017, sa panahong iyon ay nakapag-raise ng higit sa 17 milyong dolyar. Ang Tendermint Inc. ay nakalikom ng 9 milyong dolyar para ipagpatuloy ang pagbuo ng proyekto sa pamamagitan ng Series A na funding round noong 2019.
 

Paano gumagana ang Cosmos?


The Cosmos network consists of three layers:

  • Application – Processes transactions and updates the state of the network
  • Networking –  Allows communication between transactions and blockchains
  • Consensus – Helps nodes agree on the current state of the system.

In order to tie all the layers together, and to allow developers to build blockchain applications, Cosmos relies on a set of open-source tools. 

Tendermint

The most essential element to this layered design is the Tendermint BFT engine, the part of the network that allows developers to build blockchains without having to code them from scratch. 

Tendermint BFT is an algorithm used by the network of computers running the Cosmos software to secure the network, validate transactions and commit blocks to the blockchain. It connects to applications through a protocol called the Application Blockchain Interface.

Tendermint Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT)

Central to Tendermint is Tendermint Core, a proof-of-stake (PoS) governance mechanism that keeps the distributed network of computers running Cosmos Hub in sync.

In order for the participants (“validator nodes”) to power the blockchain and vote on changes, they need to first stake ATOM. To become a validator, a node needs to be in the top 100 of nodes staking ATOM. Voting power is determined by the amount of ATOM staked.  

Users can also delegate their tokens to other validators, allocating votes to them while still earning a portion of the block reward. 

Validators are incentivized to perform honestly, because users have the flexibility to easily switch between the validators they delegate ATOM to, depending on their voting preferences.

Cosmos Hub and Zones

The Cosmos Hub was the first blockchain to be launched on the Cosmos network. It was built to act as an intermediary between all the independent blockchains created within the Cosmos network, called “zones.”

In Cosmos, each zone is able to carry out its essential functions on its own. This includes authenticating accounts and transactions, creating and distributing new tokens and executing changes to its own blockchain.

The Cosmos Hub is tasked with facilitating interoperability between all the zones within the network by keeping track of their states. 

Inter-Blockchain Communication Protocol

Zones are connected to the Cosmos Hub via the Inter-Blockchain Communication protocol (IBC), a mechanism that enables information to travel freely and securely between each connected zone. 

Once a zone is connected to the Cosmos Hub, it is interoperable with every other zone connected to the hub, meaning blockchains with vastly different applications, validators and consensus mechanisms can exchange data. 

Cosmos SDK

The Cosmos team has also built the Cosmos software development kit (SDK), allowing developers to build blockchains using the Tendermint consensus algorithm. 

The SDK minimizes complexity by offering the most common functionality contained among blockchains (i.e., staking, governance, tokens). Developers can create plugins to add any additional features they want to have. 
 

 


Bakit may halaga ang ATOM?

Ang ATOM token ay gumaganap ng isang mahalagang papel sa pagpapanatili ng interoperability sa pagitan ng lahat ng mga sona sa mas malawak na network ng Cosmos, at maaaring gamitin para sa paghawak, paggastos, pagpapadala o staking. 

Dahil dito, maaaring maging mas mahalaga ang ATOM kapag mas maraming iba pang mga blockchain ang binuo sa loob ng network, umaasa sa Cosmos Hub upang mapanatili ang kanilang mga kasaysayan ng transaksyon. 

Sa pamamagitan ng pagmamay-ari at pag-staking sa ATOM, nagkakaroon ang mga user ng kakayahang bumoto sa mga pag-upgrade ng network, na ang bawat boto ay proporsyonal sa halaga ng ATOM na kanilang itinaya. 

Ginagantimpalaan ng Cosmos ang mga validator gamit ang ATOM batay sa kung gaano karaming mga token ang kanilang staking, kung saan ang mga delegator ay tumatanggap ng maliit na porsyento ng gantimpala.

Dapat tandaan ng mga mamumuhunan na kasalukuyang walang limitasyon sa supply ng bagong ATOM na maaaring gawin. Sa halip, inaayos ng Cosmos ang dami ng mga token na ginawa batay sa bilang ng ATOM na ini-stake. Noong 2020, nagreresulta ito sa taunang inflation rate na kahit saan sa pagitan ng 7% at 20%.
 


Bakit gagamit ng ATOM?

Maaaring makita ng mga user ang network ng Cosmos na nakakaakit batay sa pagtuon nito sa pagpapadali ng interoperability sa pagitan ng mga blockchain. 

Mayroong iba't ibang mga proyekto na itinayo sa Cosmos network. Ang ilang mga halimbawa ay may kasamang isang price-stable na cryptocurrency at isang proyekto sa decentralized finance (DeFi) na nagpapahintulot sa mga mangangalakal na magamit ang kanilang mga assets. 

Maaari ring hangarin ng mga namumuhunan na bilhin ang ATOM at idagdag ito sa kanilang portfolio kung maniniwala silang ang mga developer ay dadalhin sa mga balangkas na nagbibigay-daan sa kanila upang maglunsad ng mga pasadyang blockchain.
 

Simulan ang pagbili ng ATOM


Ngayon ay handa ka nang gawin ang susunod na hakbang at bumili ng ilang ATOM!