What is Karura? (KAR)
La guía para principiantes de KAR
La Fundación Acala creó Karura en septiembre de 2019 para ser un centro de Finanza Descentralizada (DeFi) y plataforma de moneda estable para la red Kusama. Karura está destinado a operar en Kusama como una parachain.
Si no está familiarizado, parachains son blockchain personalizadas que se alimentan de la blockchain y corazón de la red de Kusama, llamado Relay Chain. La Relay Chain es responsable de la seguridad compartida, el consenso y los acuerdos de transacciones de Kusama. Al integrarse en la Relay Chain, las parachain se benefician de las características básicas de la Relay Chain.
El equipo ha optado por lanzar Karura (KAR) en Kusama para proporcionar productos DeFi a su comunidad y también lanzará la plataforma Acala, un centro similar para Polkadot, más adelante en 2021.
Se espera que la criptomoneda nativa de Karura, KAR, se envíe por airdrop a los miembros de la comunidad que usan su KSM, la criptomoneda de Kusama, para votar por la parachain para que se active en Kusama en un proceso llamado Parachain Auction.
Diseño de la red de Karura
Karura is designed to operate as a DeFi hub on Kusama, with the intent to allow developers to create financial applications for its users. Karura is both a layer-1 blockchain platform, in addition to a suite of DeFi applications built on the Karura blockchain.
Karura is expected to host several different functions on its platform:
- Crypto Collateralized Stablecoins – Users can stake KSM in order to receive Karura Dollars (kUSD), which maintain a stable 1:1 value with the U.S. dollar.
- Decentralized Exchange – An automated market maker exchange (AMM) that works similarly to Uniswap, Balancer, or Curve.
- Liquid Staking – Users can stake KSM on Karura and receive LKSM tokens, using the staked crypto in other trading or investing opportunities.
- EVM compatible blockchain – Allows Ethereum decentralized applications (dApps) to run on Karura.
Karura KAR Launch & Issuance
Currently, it's estimated that only 100 projects can build on the Kusama network and leverage its Relay Chain’s security by accessing what Kusama calls a parachain slot. This number is flexible and subject to change by governance vote over time.
Access to Kusama parachain slots is provided to projects for fixed periods of 6-48 weeks, with each project needing to go through an auction to win access to one of the 100 slots. In any given auction, teams can bid on up to 8 6-week slots.
During a parachain auction, Kusama holders can bond their KSM in support of the project that they believe should receive a parachain slot. At the end of a determined period of time, the project with the most KSM committed to their campaign generally wins access to a parachain slot, allowing them to operate as a parachain on Kusama’s network for a 6-48 week period.
The Karura team will crowdsource support for its parachain auction bid by accepting community contributions. If Karura wins an auction, supporters are expected to receive Karura’s KAR tokens.
Of note, if Karura fails to win a parachain slot, the KSM committed to their bid by community participants can be returned at the end of Karura’s auction campaign. If Karura wins an auction, the bonded KSM will be returned to participants when Karura’s access to the parachain slot expires .
For more information on Kusama parachain auctions, visit our Parachain Auctions page which covers the topic in more depth.
KAR Monetary Policy
KAR is expected to be airdropped to those who bonded KSM to the project during the parachain auction in what they are calling a “paradrop.” The overall supply and distribution of KAR tokens, as well as the details of the paradrop, cannot be known with certainty and are subject to change. Refer to your Kraken account for the latest estimated rates.
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